The movement for compulsory public education (in other words, banning private schools and requiring all children to attend public schools) in the United States began in the early 1920s. It all started with the Smith-Owner Act, a bill that would eventually create the National Education Association and provide federal funding to public schools. Eventually, it became the movement to prescribe public schools and dissolve the church and other private schools.  The movement focused on public fear of immigrants and the need for Americanization; it had anti-Catholic overtones and found support from groups such as the Ku Klux Klan.  Some progressives have compared parochial education to racial segregation. “You can`t practice democratic life in segregated schools,” said one Columbia professor, referring to Catholic schools.  In a debate at Harvard Law School, a Methodist bishop called parochial schools un-American.  In 1952, prominent educators openly attacked “non-public schools” at a convention of public school superintendents in Boston. They followed the example of their own president and Harvard president James B. Conant.  1850 appointed archbishop; Bishop of New York and later Archbishop, who led New York Catholics out of the public school system and to the creation of a separate parish system of schools for Catholic children. Formal education is usually in school, where a person can acquire basic, academic or craft skills. Young children often attend kindergarten, but often formal education begins in primary school and continues with secondary school.
Post-secondary education (or higher education) is usually done at a college or university that can award a university degree. Or students can go to a college in the city where they learn practical skills. In this way, learners can be referred to as plumbers, electricians, construction workers and similar professions. These courses have arrangements for students to gain hands-on experience. With the Reformation (beginning in 1524), Martin Luther called for mandatory school laws so that more Christians could read the Bible independently. With the spread of the Reformation throughout Europe, laws on compulsory education were introduced. But while Scotland introduced an educational mandate for children from privileged families in 1496, that mandate did not include citizens until the country enacted the School Establishment Act of 1616. Prior to the law in Massachusetts and other states without such laws, education was generally provided by private schools run by churches. Because they also charged school fees, the poorest children were excluded or received informal education at home. This would change during the immigration boom between the 19th and 20th centuries, when education was seen as the best way to assimilate immigrant children.
In colonial America, early education laws required vocational and vocational training through apprenticeship training for orphans and needy children – a large population due to the immigration of young people as contract domestic servants. In the mid-eighteenth century, laws were expanded to include education in reading and writing. The teaching of basic reading skills enabled religious instruction and Bible reading. State school attendance laws have been amended to allow students to participate in alternative education programs, as well as various exemptions and exemptions. For example, the Virginia Code states that attendance requirements can be met by sending a child to another study or work study offered by a public, private, denominational or religious school, or by a public or private college. A local school authority must exempt any student who objects to attending school with his or her parents for reasons of conscience because of his or her religious education or beliefs. Expulsion from the local school board for proven medical or personal safety reasons is also required, as determined by a district court for youth and household relations. In 1900, court cases had upheld the state`s application of school attendance laws based on benefits to the child and the welfare and security of the state and community.